Introduction to Romanesque
ART IN THE YEAR ONE THOUSAND
In a Western Europe ravaged by years of turbulence following the fall of the Roman Empire, a new kind of art termed «Romanesque» developed, considered as the first great artistic expression of the Medieval era.
For centuries this artistic trend had no name: only in the XIX century on a wave of Romanticism was the Medieval era again re-discovered and a name given to this art “the product of Roman era, enhanced by a new spirit”.
The Romanesque style covered all artistic fields; sculpture, architecture and painting, and extended in an area between Northern Italy and Catalonia. It lasted until the late 12th century, until it was gradually replaced by the Gothic style.